Hooking WP-Cron into a task scheduling service
Before you start
- Your intention is to enable configure WPO365's capability to synchronize users from Azure AD to WordPress.
- You have installed the WPO365 | SYNC or WPO365 | INTRANET bundle (plus the WPO365 | LOGIN plugin that provides the basic functionality needed for either bundle to operate as expected).
- You completed the steps in this article https://docs.wpo365.com/article/57-synchronize-users-from-azure-ad-to-wordpress and successfully configured WPO365's capability to synchronize users from Azure AD to WordPress.
- You are an Administrator for your WordPress website and have access to your website's files e.g. through a file browser or FTP.
- You have made sure that you have added wp-cron.php to the list of Pages freed from authentication on the plugin's Single Sign-on configuration page.
WP-Cron does not run continuously
The following text is based on this article https://developer.wordpress.org/plugins/cron/hooking-wp-cron-into-the-system-task-scheduler/ found in the WordPress developer plugin handbook.
WP-Cron does not run continuously, which can be an issue if there are critical tasks that must run on time.
User synchronization is a critical task that must run on time because after the first batch of users is processed, the next batch is retrieved using a link that is only valid for short amount of time. If this link expires, user synchronization cannot continue.
There is an easy solution for this. Simply set up [...] a tool to make a web request to the wp-cron.php file [...] that runs on the intervals you desire (or at the specific time needed).
Task scheduling services
There are many different options you can choose from that can make a web request and that you can schedule. Two solutions (for Windows and for MacOS / Linux) presented in this article. Alternatively, you can schedule an Azure Function App to executes the following PowerShell command every minute.
Invoke-WebRequest <a href="http://YOUR_SITE_URL/wp-cron.php">https://YOUR_SITE_URL/wp-cron.php</a>
WordPress will continue to run WP-Cron on each page load. This is no longer necessary and will contribute to extra resource usage on your server. WP-Cron can be disabled in the wp-config.php file. Open the file for editing and add the following line: